Explanation of Unemployment Benefit Programs

  1. Virginia Unemployment Insurance (UI) Benefit Filing: All unemployment benefit applications must start here, regardless of filing for UI, PEUC, EB, PUA, or TRA. The Unemployment Insurance (UI) benefit program is designed for individuals who have been totally or partially separated from their employer through no fault of their own. If you have exhausted benefits under this program and are still unemployed or working reduced hours, continue to #2. If you were denied benefits under the UI program, skip to #4.
  2. Virginia Pandemic Emergency Unemployment Compensation (PEUC) Initial Claim Filing (CARES Act 2020): If you have exhausted your UI benefit claim, and are still unemployed or working reduced hours, you may be eligible to file an initial claim application for PEUC. This program provides you with 13 additional weeks of benefits.
  3. Virginia Extended Benefits (EB) Initial Claim Filing (CARES Act 2020): If you have exhausted your PEUC benefits, and are still unemployed or working reduced hours, you may be eligible to file an initial claim application for EB. This program provides you with 6 to 13 weeks of additional benefits depending on the number of weeks you were eligible for on your initial UI claim.
  4. Virginia Pandemic Unemployment Assistance (PUA) Initial Claim Filing (CARES Act 2020): If you have been denied UI or have exhausted your EB claim, you may be eligible to file for PUA benefits if you are still unemployed or working reduced hours due to the Covid-19 pandemic.
  5. Virginia Trade Readjustment Allowances (TRA): If you are a TAA certified individual and have exhausted your TRA claim, and are still unemployed or working reduced hours, you may be eligible to file a PUA claim.